This event repeats every year forever
Today in history: the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1950 was awarded jointly to Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein and Philip Showalter Hench "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects". Before their pioneering research and success in synthesizing cortisone in the lab, most people with Addison's had died within two years of diagnosis.
This link takes you to the presentation speech at the Nobel prize-giving ceremony. You can read short biographies of the three researchers from the same web page. This link takes you to an early film recording of the awards ceremony.